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SMOG

SMOG

SMOG is an atmospheric phenomenon that arises as a result of mixing of smoke with smoke and fumes. This pollution is caused by the release of harmful chemical compounds into the atmosphere, such as sulfur oxides, nitric oxide and solid substances, i.e. suspended particulates and compounds with a proven carcinogenic effect. Especially often it is found in the Lesser Poland region (not only Krakow) due to geographical and Silesian conditions.

Smog alarms are associated with increasing exceedances of permissible air pollution standards. The harmfulness of staying for an hour in very dirty air is comparable to firing a dozen or so cigarettes. It is estimated that smog is the cause of the deaths of about 44 thousand Poles and about 1 thousand Krakowians annually.

It is mentioned as one of the main causes of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, increased incidence of lung cancer, exacerbations and impaired control of bronchial asthma, chronic cough. It prolongs and makes it difficult to treat many diseases.

Indications for pulmonary consultations, along with performing a spirometric test may include the following symptoms:

  • chronic cough
  • exacerbation of chronic lung disease
  • decrease in exercise tolerance
  • heavy smoking
  • chronic fatigue and weakness
  • positive family history for lung diseases


Best wishes,

Łukasz Goliński
Specialist in Lung Diseases, Specialist in Internal Diseases

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